Saturday, 20 August 2016

Essential Oil Spotlight : Clove



Common Name: Clove 

Botanical Name: Syzgium aromaticum ( Eugenia aromatic, E. caryophyllata)
 Extraction method: Water distilled from the dried flower buds (buds are comminuted prior to distilling).

  A strong, sweet and spicy odour 

General Description:
The clove is an evergreen tree, up to 15m high, with glossy green leaves, fragrant red flowers and purple fruits. It is a long-lived tree and is reported to remain productive for 150 years. The modern English name of clove is from the French clou, meaning nail, derived from the Latin clavus.

The clove is indigenous to the Moluccas, now part of Indonesia

 History/Folk lore:
The first recorded use was in the Chinese Han period 220-206 BC where it was used to sweeten the breath. 

The origins of cloves became known in Europe following a publication by Marco Polo in AD 1298. Venice was the leading European source of cloves and other spices in the 13th century. Cloves were traded in Europe via the Arabs, who for centuries had a monopoly of the seaborne spice trade until it was broken by the Portuguese in the 16th century. The Portuguese had a monopoly in the trade of cloves for over a century. 

Cloves were introduced to Zanzibar in the 19th century. Zanzibar, now part of Tanzania, has become the world's largest exporter of cloves. 

During the Renaissance, pomanders were made with cloves to keep epidemics and the plague at bay. Cloves are used in traditional medicine as a carminative, anti-emetic, and counterirritant. Clove tea is used to relieve nausea and the oil is well known for its ability to alleviate toothache.

Main Uses In Massage: 
Clove essential oil is commonly added to massage blends as it provides relief from muscle and joint pain. It can help to provide relief from rheumatic pain. It should only be used in small amounts though as it can be a skin irritant to some. 

Therapeutic Properties or Actions:
Analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, stomachic.

Body Systems & Therapeutic Uses: 

 Dental Care - The most prominent use of clove oil is in dental care. The germicidal properties of the oil make it very effective for relieving dental pain, tooth ache, sore gums and mouth ulcers.

Respiratory system - Clove oil has a cooling and anti inflammatory effect, and is frequently used to clear the nasal passage. This expectorant is a useful treatment for various respiratory disorders including coughs, colds, bronchitis, asthma, sinusitis, and tuberculosis.
Digestive system - Clove oil has traditionally been effective for the treatment of stomach related problems such as hiccups, indigestion, motion sickness, and flatulence. It can also help to relieve nausea and vomiting.

Circulatory System - Clove oil increases your body’s metabolism by increasing blood circulation and reducing body temperature.Eugenol is the active ingredient in clove essential oil that causes this stimulation of blood circulation.

Mind - Clove oil is an aphrodisiac in nature and therefore serves as an excellent stress reliever. It has a stimulating effect on the mind and removes mental exhaustion and fatigue.

Reported to be a potential skin irritant and sensitising agent.

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I will be posting more information about other essential oils on this blog so keep checking back.

< Related articles -
peppermint , rosemary , tea tree , ylang ylang
& rose >

Information on this page is for educational purposes only and should not replace advice from a medical practitioner.© Graphics are property of Aromatherapy For Australia. Please do not use images without permission or without credit or link back to this blog post. Please read our Terms & Conditions

Saturday, 6 August 2016

Essential Oil Spotlight : Rose


Family Name: Rosaceae
Common Name: Rose

Botanical Name:
Rosa damascena / R. centifolia

Extraction method: Rose otto is generally regarded as oil distilled from R. damascena.
Rose absolute is obtained by solvent extraction.

'Rose absolute from R. centifolia is an orange-yellow to brown-orange viscous liquid with a sweet, deep-rosy, very tenacious odour.
Rose absolute from R. damascena from Bulgaria is a pale-yellow or slightly olive-yellow liquid which has a warm, deep-floral, slightly spicy.
Rose otto obtained from R. damascena  is an orange-yellow to brown-orange viscous liquid with a rich, warm, spicy-floral and very deep rose odour with a pronounced honey undertone.
Rose otto obtained from R. centifolia is colourless to pale-yellow, sometimes with a greenish tinge when fresh. It has a deep, sweet, warm, rich, but less spicy odour than Bulgarian or Turkish rose otto oils.

General Description: 
The Rosa species are small prickly shrubs 2.4m high. It is considered a native of Europe and Western Asia. The birthplace of the cultivated rose R. damascena was probably northern Persia, or Faristan on the Gulf of Persia. It then spread across Mesopotamia, Palestine and across to Asia Minor and Greece. 
History/Folk lore: 
  Cleopatra was said to have taken aromatic baths using rose petals to help entice her lovers.

Rose is a traditional symbol of love and beauty. It is known as the “Queen of Flowers”. Probably the most common scent associated with love, romance and Valentine’s Day. 
The first recorded 'rose garden' was a collection planted by Empress Josephine, wife of Napoleon. With her interest rose growing then became extremely fashionable and led to great activity amongst rose breeders.
Cultivation of R. damascena and production of rose oil was introduced to Bulgaria, then part of the Turkish Empire in the 15th century. 
Commercial rose growing to produce rose oil was well established in the Kazanlik region of Bulgaria by the end of the 17th century. It is the Bulgarian rose oil which today is still considered the most prized of all rose oils. The Bulgarian rose industry is confined to one mountain district, having for its centre the town of Kasanlik.  
Main Uses In Massage:
Rose oil is beneficial for those who have sensitive skin, as it is generally safe for all skin types and does not usually cause allergic reactions. 

It helps to lift mood so using it in a massage blend will be of great benefit for those suffering from depression or just needing a pick me up.

Rose is one of the best essential oils to use in a blend for women suffering menopausal symptoms. Weekly massages can help to ease women through the menopausal transition.

Due to it's aphrodisiac properties couples may find giving their partner an intimate massage, with rose essential oil included will help to boost libido.

Therapeutic Properties or Actions: 
Antidepressant, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, astringent, bactericidal, choleretic, cicatrisant, depurative, emmenagogoue, haemostatic, hepatic, laxative, sedative (nervous system), stomachic, tonic (heart, liver, stomach, uterus).

Body Systems & Therapeutic Uses: 

Reproductive System  Helps to tone the uterus and regulate the menstrual cycle. It is particularly effective on those who are suffering from obstructed and irregular menses. It also eases cramps, nausea, and fatigue while reducing the pain associated with menstruation and post-menopausal syndrome.  Rose essential oil also acts an aphrodisiac and can help to assist in boosting libido and reduce symptoms of sexual disfunction in both men and women.
Skin Care - Rose essential oil is moisturising and hydrating for the skin, while having a general stimulant and antiseptic action, which is good for all skin types, but especially so for dry, mature and irritated skin. It is used to repair broken capillaries, inflammation as well as skin redness and is useful for eczema and herpes.
Nervous System - Acts as a tonic for the nerves and helps to relieve anxiety. It helps to give a feeling of well being. Is known for being an antidepressant.

Digestive System - Is a stomachic. Helps to soothe the stomach, regulate acidity and prevent ulcers. It also helps to decongest the liver and ease nausea. It's astringent properties can also cure certain types of diarrhea.

Rose absolute and Rose Otto are non-toxic, non-irritating and non-sensitising.

I will be posting more information about other essential oils on this blog so keep checking back. 

< Related articles - lemon , peppermint , rosemary , tea tree & ylang ylang >

Information on this page is for educational purposes only and should not replace advice from a medical practitioner. 
Graphics are property of Aromatherapy For Australia. Please do not use images without permission or without credit or link back to this blog post.
Please read our Terms & Conditions

Thursday, 4 August 2016

Essential Oil Spotlight : Ylang Ylang



Common Name: Ylang Ylang

Botanical Name:
Cananga odorata
Extraction method: Water or steam distillation of the freshly picked flowers.

  'A pale yellow oil with a powerful floral and intensely sweet odour'.

General Description: 
Ylang Ylang is a tropical evergreen tree, reaching a height of twenty metres, with large, shiny ovate leaves and long, narrow, downy flowers that turn from pale green to deep yellow as they mature. It is the freshly picked flowers that contain the essential oil. 

Indigenous to Southeast Asia, most of the world's ylang ylang oil is produced in the Comoro Islands, Madagascar, and Reunion. In terms of fragrance quality, there are as many as five grades of ylang ylang, with "Ylang Ylang Extra Superior" being the highest and most expensive. Essential oil of 'cananga', the macrophylla variety of Cananga odorata, is sometimes sold as ylang ylang (var. genuine), but is harsher and less subtle, though lower in cost.

History/Folk lore: 
The name ylang ylang comes from the Philippine alang-ilang, referring to the flowers that 'hang' or 'flutter' in the breeze. The islanders would pick the flowers and immerse them in coconut oil, producing a pomade called boori-boori. This they used as a body rub to prevent fevers and infections, especially in the rainy season, and to nourish and rejuvenate the skin. The Indonesians on the other hand, spread the luxuriant flowers on the marriage bed of newly wedded couples. 

Ylang Ylang oil has long been one of the most important raw materials within perfumery, its exotic spicy sweetness imparting floral top notes to an otherwise dull and flat composition. Some of the masterpieces of French perfumery have relied on the skillful blending of Ylang ylang, rose, bergamot and vanilla. Ylang ylang's medicinal properties were first recognized at the beginning of the 20th century by the French chemists Garnier and Rechler. Conducting research on the island of Reunion, they discovered the oil to be effective against malaria, typhus, and infections of the intestinal tract. They also noted its calming action on the heart. 

Main Uses In Massage: 
  Ylang ylang oil is one of those oils that people either love or hate.

It can be used in relaxation massage for its calming, soothing effects, or given in take-home blends to clients who have insomnia or who find it difficult to relax in the evenings.
Therapeutic Properties or Actions: 
Anti-depressant, antiseptic, hypotensive, sedative.

Body Systems & Therapeutic Uses: 

 Skin Care - Beneficial in softening and balancing the moisture in the skin. Recommended in hair care to treat split ends. Recommended for dry and oily skin, and reputed to have a balancing effect on sebum production.

Nervous systemKnown for its ability to slow down over-rapid breathing and over-rapid heart beat. Renowned as an antidepressant and particularly beneficial for treating feelings of anger, rage and frustration.
Circulatory system - Recommended for treating palpitations and reducing high blood pressure.

Mind - Resolves emotions such as anger, anxiety, shock, panic, fear, impatience Creates a feeling of 'peace'. Soothing and sensual. It instils a feeling of warmth and togetherness.
None at usual doses. Excessive use may cause headaches or nausea.

I will be posting more information about other essential oils on this blog so keep checking back. 

< Related articles - lemon , peppermint , rosemary , tea tree & thyme >

Information on this page is for educational purposes only and should not replace advice from a medical practitioner.  
© Graphics are property of Aromatherapy For Australia. Please do not use images without permission or without credit or link back to this blog post. Please read our Terms & Conditions